Farming goats in Ghana: 3 major tips to consider

The goat or domestic goat (Capra hircus) is a domesticated species of goat-antelope typically kept as livestock. It was domesticated from the wild goat (C. aegagrus) of Southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The goat is a member of the animal family Bovidae and the tribe Caprini, meaning it is closely related to the sheep

There are over 300 distinct breeds of goat. It is one of the oldest domesticated species of animal, according to archaeological evidence that its earliest domestication occurred in Iran at 10,000 calibrated calendar years ago.

Throughout much of the world, goats have been utilized for milk, meat, fur, and skins. Goat cheese is frequently made with goat milk.

According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, there were more than 924 million goats in the globe in 2011.

According to Statista, in 2020, 8.2 million goats were reared in Ghana, which was the highest volume in the given time period, and an increase from the 7.88 million goats registered in the previous year. Over the observed period, the number of goat heads counted in the country generally increased. Overall, in comparison with cattle bred in Ghana, goats occupy a greater proportion of live animals kept in the country.

If you need some justifications before starting this business, we’ll, here are a few:

  1. There’s high demand for chevon (goat meat).
  2. It is a relatively cheap business to do because goats are hardy animals.
  3. While it can be a relatively cheap business to do, returns are high.
  4. Finally, because goats are hardy animals, it remains a good entry point to animal farmers.

THINGS TO CONSIDER

A Business Plan

Both new businesses and those aiming to grow must have a business strategy for a livestock farming operation. The plan gives an assessment of the company’s current situation and lays out a growth plan for the following five years.

It consists of business objectives, market analysis, and finance options like individual savings, bank loans, and angel investors. Executive summary, company overview, industry analysis, customer analysis, competitive analysis, marketing plan, operations plan, management team, financial plan (including income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement), and an appendix with supporting documents are all included in this essential business plan.

The business plan acts as a road map, guiding entrepreneurs to successfully begin and expand a livestock farming firm while also educating them about the market, competitors, and customers.

Housing for Goats

In constructing a suitable house for your goats, the house should: 

  • Have adequate space to accommodate each goat. Generally, an adult goat requires an average space of 0.5–0.75 square meter  
  • Be dampproof, and the roof should not leak. 
  • Free from sharp objects, pests and wild animals 
  • Has proper ventilation 
  • Be on calm, quiet, and noise-free land on your farm. Goats love solitude.  

You can divide the house into two parts: Resting or sleeping area: Make the sleeping area comfortable enough for the goats with sufficient facilities of well ventilation, soft bedding, a wall with door, well-raised area, and well-ventilation system Feeding area: The feeding area should have a water trough, a feed trough, a slatted floor, feed racks, and a rain-proof mineral block pack area. Ensure sufficient flow of fresh air and light in the sleeping and feeding places of goats Since goats are browsers and not grazers, a house 1.5 feet raised off the ground would look much more appealing to them. This also helps to reduce feed waste. Put a board under the rack to catch fallen feed. A house of 1.8 meter *1.8 meter* 2.5 meter (5.5 feet * 5.5 feet * 8.5 feet) is suitable enough for housing 10 small goats.

Choosing goat breeds for Ghana

Several goat breeds are suitable for Ghana, considering the country’s climate and agricultural conditions.

  1. Savannah Goats: Also known as West African Dwarf goats, they are well adapted to the hot and humid climates of West Africa, including Ghana. They are hardy, resistant to diseases, and provide good meat and milk yield.
  2. Boer Goats: Boer goats are a meat breed originating from South Africa. They are known for their fast growth rate and high-quality meat. Boer goats are adaptable to various climates, making them suitable for Ghana’s conditions.
  3. Nubian Goats: Nubian goats are known for their high milk production. They have a higher tolerance for hot climates compared to some other dairy breeds. Nubians can be a good choice if you are interested in dairy goat farming.
  4. Pygmy Goats: Pygmy goats are small in size and are primarily kept as pets or for ornamental purposes. They are hardy and can adapt to different environments. While they don’t provide as much meat or milk as larger breeds, they are low maintenance and can be a good choice for small farms.
  5. Anglo-Nubian Goats: Anglo-Nubians are a popular dairy breed. They are well-known for their high milk production and are also raised for meat. They can adapt to warm climates, making them suitable for Ghana.
  6. Toggenburg Goats: Toggenburgs are another dairy breed that can thrive in various climates. They are known for their good milk production and can adapt to hot and humid conditions.

Read also: 10 Things you should know about Snail Farming in Ghana

Conclusion

The initial investment needed when starting a goat farm is entirely dependent on the size of the farm you want to start. Ghanaian Cedis. How much is a goat worth in Ghana? A good-sized goat would cost anywhere from GHC 400 and above.

Starting a goat business is a lucrative venture you can try in Ghana, We have given you a step-by-step guide on how you can start and all you need to know to start

If there is other information you will need, we will be updating this content regularly, You may drop your comment below to let us know what other information you will need. 

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